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The Last Year of the Second World War

The Last Year of the Second World War 1944–1945 in the Reichsgau Sudetenland and the Reich Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Review by Pascal Schneider 

The 27th colloquium in the Archives of Ústí nad Labem, a town in northern Bohemia, named Aussig from 1938 to 1945 in the Reichsgau of the Sudetenland, could finally take place on 21 and 22 October 2021. Originally scheduled on 21 and 22 May 2020, it had been twice postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 27th edition of this regular event was characterized by a considerable diversity of its organizers. The colloquium, which took place at the Ústí nad Labem City Museum, a colossal building next to the North Bohemian Theatre of Opera and Ballet, not far from the Peace Square, was organized by the Institute of History of the Faculty of Philosophy of the Jan-Evangelista Purkyně University (FF UJEP) and the Institute of Slavic-Germanic Studies UJEP in Ústí nad Labem, in cooperation with the Archives and the Museum of the city, the Society for the History of Germans in Bohemia and the Collegium Bohemicum.

The theme of this year’s event, The Last Year of the Second World War 1944–1945 in the Reichsgau Sudetenland and the Reich Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, was explored by fifteen specialists from Liberec, Litoměřice and Prague, not to mention five local speakers from Ústí nad Labem, and one from France, associated with the CEFRES. As archivists, museum managers and academics, they were presenting their latest research or discoveries, particularly in unpublished collections or rarely used archives. The topics discussed were very diverse and often complementary, concerning both economic and military but also political and cultural issues. In addition, there were rich monographs presented by several witnesses, some direct actors of these events included.

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»OLD« VS. »NEW« TOWNS. MEMORIES, HISTORIES, AND HERITAGE AFTER POPULATION TRANSFERS AND BORDER CHANGES

International academic conference, 11 October 2021, Faculty of Humanities University of Primorska, Koper-Capodistria

A review by Michèle Baussant (CEFRES, CNRS)

The conference, organized by Katja Hrobat Virloget, Aleksej Kalc, and Michèle Baussant, is the result of two joint research projects, the Slovenian-French bilateral Proteus project entitled “Pasts without history and displaced histories of people without traces” (Baussant, Hrobat Virloget) and the Slovenian SRA project “Migrations and social changes in a comparative perspective: the case of Western Slovenia after WW II” (Kalc) from the University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities, Koper-Capodistria, ZRC SAZU, Slovenian Migration Institute, Ljubljana and CNRS, CEFRES, Prague. It gathered members of the French (M. Baussant and M. Kokkinou) and Slovene teams (K. Hrobat-Virloget, A. Kalc, N. Cebron Lipovec). The conference began with a welcome and opening discourse by IRENA LAZAR, dean of the FH UP, and VALENTINE MOREL, attachée for scientific and university cooperation at the French institute, followed by three different panels.

The conference aimed to present and discuss some historical, memory, and heritage issues related to violent and silenced pasts, movements of depopulations, and repopulations linked to the changing of national borders in a comparative way. It focused in particular on the political reorganization of Europe in 1945, North Africa, and other former colonial countries, which also led to expulsions or massive emigrations of ethnic minorities, viewed as the “losers” of history. As a result, their towns became “home” to other populations that did not necessarily have links to the place and cultural heritage of the previous populations. Continuer la lecture de »OLD« VS. »NEW« TOWNS. MEMORIES, HISTORIES, AND HERITAGE AFTER POPULATION TRANSFERS AND BORDER CHANGES

L’édition française en sciences sociales et humaines consacrée à l’Europe centrale

Un compte rendu par Claire Madl

Le 24 septembre 2021, dans le cadre du Salon du livre de Prague, le CEFRES organisait une table ronde sur l’édition française en sciences sociales consacrée aux pays d’Europe centrale et orientale. La France était l’invitée d’honneur du Salon et le CEFRES avait saisi cette occasion pour discuter de l’état, des difficultés et des perspectives de l’activité éditoriale française dont dépend la diffusion des travaux des spécialistes de l’Europe centrale et orientale. Elle rassemblait les représentants de deux maisons d’édition : Astrid Thorn Hillig pour les Éditions de la Maison de sciences de l’Homme, où elle dirige la collection Bibliothèque allemande, et Gwendal Piégais de la jeune maison d’édition associative les Éditions Codex, mais aussi deux chercheurs, Ronan Hervouet, spécialiste de la Biélorussie, professeur à l’Université de Bordeaux accueilli en délégation CNRS au CEFRES, et Miroslav Novák, professeur de science politique à l’Academia Rerum Civilum, Kutná Hora (CZ). Continuer la lecture de L’édition française en sciences sociales et humaines consacrée à l’Europe centrale

Noémie Étienne : Les Autres et les ancêtres

Noémie Étienne, Les Autres et les ancêtres. Les dioramas de Franz Boas et d’Arthur C. Parker à New York en 1900, Dijon, Les Presses du réel / Œuvres en société, 2020, 342 p.
Un compte rendu par Fedora Parkmann, post-doctorante à l’Institut d’histoire de l’art de l’Académie tchèque des sciences, associée au CEFRES

Depuis sa thèse consacrée à la restauration des peintures à Paris au XVIIIe siècle et publiée en 2012, Noémie Étienne, professeure d’histoire de l’art à l’université de Berne, a étendu ses recherches sur la notion d’objet dans les champs du patrimoine, de l’histoire des musées et de la scénographie à d’autres époques et aires géographiques. Dans son dernier ouvrage, elle propose ainsi une analyse novatrice des dioramas illustrant les cultures amérindiennes qui ont été produits entre 1890 et 1920 au musée d’Histoire naturelle de New York et au musée de l’État de New York à Albany.

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Security Issues in Post-Brexit Europe: Views from the Czech Republic, France, Germany and Poland

Report of the conference “Security Issues in Post-Brexit Europe: Views from the Czech Republic, France, Germany and Poland” organized by the Center for French Studies at the University of Warsaw and the French Research Center in Humanities and Social Sciences (CEFRES), June 18, 2021.

By Pierre Aymard, intern at CEFRES

This conference moderated by Marek Madej, political scientist and assistant professor at the University of Warsaw, dealing with the Security Issues in Post-Brexit Europe, gathered different speakers such as Monika Brusenbauch-Meislova, assistant professor at the Masaryk University, specialized in Czech foreign Policy and Brexit, Delphine Deschaux-Dutard, University lecturer at the University of Grenoble–Alpes and specialist on European and transatlantic security issues; and Amélie Zima researcher at the Center for French Studies at the University of Warsaw, expert on NATO and defense issues. This conference aimed to put forward the different perceptions of four European member states, namely the Czech Republic, France, Germany and Poland, towards the post-Brexit issue. Therefore, the approach questions the idea that Brexit represents a turning point for the defense strategy in Europe.

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